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Arkansas Drug Rehab

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  State Facts
  Population: 2,673,400
  Law Enforcement Officers: 6,664
  State Prison Population: 4,577
  Probation Population: 30,480
  Violent Crime Rate
  National Ranking:
23
  2001 Federal Drug Seizures
  Cocaine: 18.9 kgs.
  Heroin: 0 kgs.
  Methamphetamine: 9.2 kgs.
  Marijuana: 2,281.1 kgs.
  Clandestine
  Laboratories:
366 (DEA, state, and local)


Top 7 cities in Arkansas

Springdale
Pine Bluff
Jonesboro
North Little Rock
Fayetville
Fort Smith
Little Rock

Arkansas is predominantly rural, with approximately 44,000 farms covering nearly half the state but Arkansas drug rehab is very key. To varying extents, drugs are transported into Arkansas via package delivery services; couriers aboard buses, passenger rail, and commercial aircraft; and cargo on freight rail and commercial shipping vessels. The highways in Arkansas are used to facilitate the transportation and distribution of illicit drugs. Interstate 40, the principal east-west highway in Arkansas, traverses the southern portion of the United States, linking Arkansas to California in the west and North Carolina in the east. Interstate 30 originates in Fort Worth, Texas, passes through Dallas, and terminates in Little Rock. Interstate 55, which intersects with I-40 in the northeast section of the state, extends north from Louisiana (near New Orleans) to Chicago.

Drug traffickers, primarily Mexican criminal groups, commonly use these interstates to transport illegal drugs into and throughout the state. In doing so, drug traffickers primarily use private and commercial vehicles. "Drug-related drug rehab admissions to publicly funded addiction treatment facilities in Arkansas increased from state fiscal year (SFY) 1998 (July 1 through June 30) through SFY2002.

According to the Arkansas Department of Health, treatment drug rehab admissions for abuse of amphetamines, powdered cocaine addiction, and marijuana addiction increased from SFY1998 through SFY2002, while drug rehab admissions for crack cocaine addiction and heroin addiction decreased. *Most of the amphetamine-related addiction treatment admissions are methamphetamine-related. Juvenile drug abuse is a concern in Arkansas drug rehab. According to the 2001 Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS), 21.1 percent of high school students in Arkansas reported that they had been offered, sold, or given an illegal drug on school property during the past 12 months, although this rate is lower than the nationwide percentage of 28.5. Further, 10.8 percent of individuals aged 12 to 17 in Arkansas reported having abused an illicit drug within the past month, according to combined data from the 1999 and the 2000 National Household Survey on Drug Abuse (NHSDA) further showing the need for drug rehab centers and programs. This rate is statistically comparable to the reported nationwide percentage of 9.8.The percentage of federal sentences in Arkansas that were drug-related is slightly higher than the national percentage.

According to the U.S. Sentencing Commission (USSC), drug-related sentences accounted for 43 percent of all federal sentences in the state in fiscal year (FY) 2001, compared with 41 percent nationwide. Forty-one percent of the drug-related federal sentences in Arkansas were crack cocaine-related, significantly higher than the national percentage (20%). Methamphetamine-related offenses accounted for 33 percent of the drug-related sentences in Arkansas, compared with 14 percent nationwide. Marijuana-related offenses accounted for 12 percent of drug-related federal sentences in the state, compared with 33 percent nationwide, and powdered cocaine-related offenses accounted for 12 percent of the sentences, compared with 22 percent nationwide. Moreover, the number of drug-related arrests recorded annually by the Arkansas Crime Information Center increased from 12,858 in 1997 to 14,754 in 2001. Very obviously much of these costs and problems could be handled with effective drug rehab available to those who need it. The total financial impact on Arkansas government from substance abuse-related costs is significant though drug rehab programs should be increased. The National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse at Columbia University reported that in 1998 (the latest year for which statistics are available), Arkansas spent $519 million--approximately $206 per resident--on substance abuse-related costs. This figure represents costs and services across program areas including justice, education, health, child-family assistance, mental health-developmental disabilities, public safety, and the state workforce. This accounted for approximately 7.8 percent of the state's total budget. When factoring in the cost of lost productivity and nongovernmental expenses by private social services, estimates for total substance abuse-related costs are even higher but need to include as a primary expenditure the implementation of effective drug rehab.

Drug Addiction and Drug Addiction Treatment

Drug Situation: Foreign-based and domestic drug trafficking groups have developed sizable transportation and distribution networks throughout Arkansas for methamphetamine, cocaine, and marijuana. While the significant increase in the Hispanic population over the past few years enables those Hispanics importing methamphetamine into the state to be less conspicuous, far and away the most significant problem facing Arkansas and the most significant contributing reason for individuals seeking drug rehab, is the proliferation of small, toxic local clandestine methamphetamine labs distributing locally.

photo - cocaineCocaine: Both cocaine and crack cocaine are a significant drug threat in Arkansas and the primary drug of choice for many in drug rehab. Many of the violent crimes in the state are directly associated with distribution and abuse of crack cocaine in both the inner city and rural areas.


photo - opium poppyHeroin: Both South American and Mexican heroin trafficking are slowly increasing in Arkansas, but are not viewed as a significant threat by drug law enforcement entities. The rate of admissions for heroin abuse at addiction treatment centers is low compared to neighboring states.

Meth Lab Seizures: 1996=72, 1997=126, 1998=231, 1999=329, 2000=235, 2001=366photo - methamphetamineMethamphetamine: The distribution and abuse of Mexican and locally produced methamphetamine continue to rise and are a significant issue in Arkansas. It is the leading reason Arkansans are seeking drug addiction treatment at growing rates. Recent investigations and intelligence indicate a dramatic increase in the number of small manufacturing operations. Production remains directly related to the availability of precursor chemicals, primarily ephedrine/pseudoephedrine and anhydrous ammonia. Instructions to produce methamphetamine found on the Internet, coupled with the relative ease in procuring precursor chemicals, makes methamphetamine production and distribution available to anyone. Intelligence indicates that Mexico-based poly-drug trafficking organizations are transporting large quantities of methamphetamine into Arkansas for consumption and further distribution to adjacent states via parcel delivery, private and commercial vehicles and airplanes. There is reliable information that weapons are also being supplied to Mexican organizations in California in lieu of payment for methamphetamine. Methamphetamine is most often abused among the Caucasian working class.

photo - ecstasy pillsClub Drugs: The popularity and demand for club drugs in Arkansas is rising. MDMA, LSD, GHB, and Ketamine are readily available although MDMA, which is the most popular, is perhaps the greatest future threat to Arkansas youth. The majority of club drug distribution occurs at nightclubs and drinking establishments. Club drugs are transported most often via parcel delivery services from sources in Houston, Dallas, Los Angeles, Memphis, Miami and Amsterdam.

 

photo - marijuana plantMarijuana: Mexican and domestically produced marijuana is abundantly available in Arkansas. Intelligence indicates that locally grown marijuana is distributed to other states, including Mississippi and Texas. The majority of marijuana arrests and seizures in Arkansas, however, are from Operation Pipeline stops as they transit through the state and parcel interceptions. Seizures in excess of 1,000 pounds are typically concealed in tractor-trailers destined for cities on the East Coast.

Other Drugs: Pseudoephedrine is a precursor chemical used in the manufacture of methamphetamine and is sold in convenience stores throughout the state. Recent Arkansas legislation proposed to remove pseudoephedrine tablets from store shelves and place them behind the counter distributed by the pharmacy section. Additionally, Arkansas State legislation passed in June 2001 made it illegal to posses over nine grams of pseudoephedrine and illegal to sell more than three grams per transaction.

OxyContin is a slow release form of the painkiller Oxycodone, which is of benefit to cancer patients and those with chronic pain. OxyContin, which effects as other opiate derivatives, is obtained legally through prescriptions, as well as illegally on the street. OxyContin is being abused at a rate many law enforcement officials describe as epidemic. In Arkansas, it is being abused in the Ft. Smith, Fayetteville and Harrison areas. The DEA Little Rock Office reported that Hydrocodone is still the most commonly diverted and abused licit drug in Arkansas.

Drug-Violation Arrests: 1997=673, 1998-563, 1999=434, 2000=362, 2001=240DEA Mobile Enforcement Teams: This cooperative program with state and local law enforcement counterparts was conceived in 1995 in response to the overwhelming problem of drug-related violent crime in towns and cities across the nation. There have been 359 deployments completed resulting in over 14,456 arrests of violent drug criminals as of April 1, 2002. There have been two MET deployments in Arkansas, both in Pine Bluff, resulting in 68 arrests.

Special Topics: A HIDTA (High Intensity Drug Trafficking Area) proposal was submitted by Governor Mike Huckabee and Director Donald Melton of the Arkansas State Police in November 2001. To date, there has been no word on approval.

Addiction Treatment Centers Needed:

The increase of methamphetamine abuse along with the abuse of other illegal substances is continuing to grow in Arkansas. More and more citizens are becoming addicted to illegal substances or illegally used pharmaceuticals. More addiction treatment centers will be needed to handle the growing problem in Arkansas.


Information provided by DEA.gov

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