Enforcement Officers: 75,516
Violent Crime Rate
Federal Drug Seizures
Cocaine: 6,232.7 kgs.
Heroin: 357.8 kgs.
Marijuana: 217,626.2 kgs.
Laboratories: 1,872 (DEA, state, and
Top cities in California
Click here for drug specific
statistics in Central California.
Click here for drug
specific statistics in Northern California.
Substance Abuse and Drug Rehab
Drug Situation: Due to
Californias diverse culture and unique geographics, there are many issues
that effect the drug situation in California. Drugs such as cocaine, heroin,
methamphetamine, and marijuana are smuggled into the state from Mexico;
however, methamphetamine and marijuana are also produced or cultivated in large
quantities within the state making the drug addiction situation and the need
for more drug addiction treatment centers in California great.
Cocaine: Mexican trafficking organizations dominate
the wholesale cocaine trade, smuggling from Mexico into the United States.
Cocaine is readily available throughout the state with Los Angeles being the
nations largest cocaine transshipment and distribution center. Typically,
traffickers transport the cocaine to Los Angeles in vehicles with hidden
compartments and then offload the cocaine into stash houses. The cocaine is
then distributed in the Los Angeles metropolitan area or shipped to other
cities across the country. Cocaine is a major contributor to the problem of
addiction and effective drug addiction treatment.
Although Southeast Asian and Colombian heroin are available in California,
Mexican black tar heroin is the primary type of heroin abused by those entering
drug addiction treatment centers. In place of the relatively small amounts
smuggled across the border, traditionally in packages of less than five pounds,
law enforcement authorities are discovering larger shipments. Mexican drug
cartels already specializing in cocaine and marijuana trafficking are now
expanding into heroin trafficking. The increased availability of high-purity
heroin, which can effectively be snorted, has given rise to a new, younger user
population. While avoiding the stigma of needle use, this group is ingesting
larger quantities of the drug and, according to drug addiction treatment
specialists, progressing more quickly toward addiction.
Methamphetamine: Methamphetamine is the primary drug
threat in California and the drug of choice among many seeking drug rehab.
Mexican organizations dominate the production of high-quality meth, while a
second trafficking group, comprised predominantly of Caucasians, operates
small, unsophisticated laboratories. Clandestine laboratory seizures commonly
occur in high-density residential neighborhoods, sparsely populated locations
and remote desert locations. Over the last year, methamphetamine producers have
moved their laboratories to Northern California locales and to Mexico to avoid
increased law enforcement pressure.
Click here for
more information on methamphetamine addiction in California.
MDMA (Ecstasy) is the most popular club drug with teens and young
adults in the state. Israeli organizations have maintained their dominance of
the wholesale importation and distribution of MDMA, while a few other criminal
organizations are involved in the street-level distribution of the drug. Users
may take Ecstasy in combination with marijuana, alcohol, GHB, and
methamphetamine to lengthen the effects of MDMA, and to counteract the
undesired effects of the other drugs. LSD, Ketamine and GHB are also
encountered in the rave scene.
Marijuana: Marijuana is the most widely
available and abused illicit drug in California. Large quantities of low grade
marijuana is smuggled into the state from Mexico. Highly potent Canadian
marijuana, known as BC Bud is also transported into the state.
Potent domestic marijuana is also cultivated in sophisticated indoor,
hydroponic gardens throughout the state. Statewide, cultivation has increased
since California voters passed Proposition 215, the Compassionate Use Act, in
1996, removing state legal sanctions for marijuana use to alleviate symptoms of
specific medical conditions with a doctors recommendation. Cannabis
clubs or cooperatives have established themselves as
illegal distributors under the guise of caregivers.
Ritalin, Rohypnol, Ketamine, and Valium are commonly diverted pharmaceutical
narcotics. Many of these narcotics are used by teens and young adults
frequenting the club scene. Rohypnol is available without a prescription at
pharmacies throughout Mexico. The Los Angeles area, specifically Compton,
California, is the primary source for the majority of PCP found in the United
States. Consequently, PCP remains readily available.
DEA Mobile Enforcement Teams:
This cooperative program
with state and local law enforcement counterparts was conceived in 1995 in
response to the overwhelming problem of drug-related violent crime in towns and
cities across the nation. There have been 359 deployments completed resulting
in over 14,456 arrests of violent drug criminals as of April 1, 2002. Recent
MET deployments in California include Seaside and Monterey, resulting in the
disruption or dismantling of several violent gangs distributing crack cocaine.
MET arrested 90 subjects and seized seven pounds of methamphetamine, three
kilograms of cocaine, one kilogram of cocaine base, and a methamphetamine
The Need for More Drug Rehab Centers in
California:California's drug abuse problem continues to grow. Law enforcement
efforts as well as an increase in the number of drug rehab centers will need to
continue to grow as well. Quality, effective drug addiction treatment is needed
to return addicts to productive members of society.