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Connecticut Drug Rehab

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  State Facts
  Population: 3,405,565
  Law Enforcement Officers: 8,485
  State Prison Population: 18,206
  Probation Population: 55,070
  Violent Crime Rate National Ranking: 32
  2001 Federal Drug Seizures
  Cocaine: 24.5 kgs.
  Heroin: 4.1 kgs.
  Methamphetamine: 0 kgs.
  Marijuana: 42.6 kgs.
  Clandestine Laboratories: 0 (DEA, state, and local)

Top 12 cities in Connecticut

Milford
West Haven
Meriden
Bristol
New Britian
Danbury
Norwalk
Waterbury
Stamford
Hartford
New Haven
Bridgeport

The distribution and abuse of illegal drugs and the diversion and abuse of pharmaceuticals pose serious threats to Connecticut drug rehab need. In 1999 Connecticut ranked second in the nation for the number of substance abuse-related addiction treatment admissions per 100,000 population and eleventh in the nation for the total number of substance abuse-related drug rehab admissions.

drug rehab data - cocaineCocaine:


Cocaine addiction is the primary drug threat needing drug rehab programs now. Powdered cocaine and crack cocaine pose the greatest drug threat to Connecticut. Cocaine is readily available in Connecticut, and its distribution and abuse are associated with more violent crime than any other drug. Connecticut-based African American, Dominican, Jamaican, Puerto Rican, and other Hispanic criminal groups primarily use rental and private vehicles on Interstate 95 to transport most of the cocaine available in Connecticut from New York City. They also transport cocaine on commuter trains and buses from New York City and on commercial airline flights from other areas. These criminal groups are the dominant wholesale and midlevel cocaine distributors in Connecticut. Street gangs, local crews, and local independent dealers, particularly African American, Jamaican, and Puerto Rican, are the dominant retail distributors of powdered and crack cocaine in Connecticut. Many criminal groups that distribute cocaine in the state also distribute other drugs such as heroin and marijuana. Connecticut drug rehab and addiction treatment must be a priority, especially regarding cocaine addiction.

drug rehabdata resource - opium poppyHeroin:


Heroin addiction is the second most significant drug threat requiring Connecticut drug rehab programs immediately. Heroin, particularly South American, is frequently abused in the state; in 1999 Connecticut ranked first in the nation for the rate of heroin-related treatment admissions per 100,000 population. Heroin’s increasing popularity, particularly among teenagers and young adults, is due primarily to the increased availability of low cost, high purity heroin that can effectively be snorted or smoked rather than injected. Connecticut-based African American, Dominican, Puerto Rican, and other Hispanic criminal groups are the dominant transporters and wholesale and midlevel distributors of heroin in the state. They usually travel in private vehicles on interstate highways, particularly I-95, to purchase wholesale quantities of heroin from New York City-based Colombian and Dominican criminal groups. These wholesale and midlevel distributors typically sell heroin to retail distributors, primarily Connecticut-based street gangs, crews, and other African American, Dominican, Mexican, Puerto Rican, and other Hispanic criminal groups. Connecticut drug rehab and addiction treatment again is sorely needed regarding heroin addiction.

drug rehab data - marijuana plantMarijuana:


Marijuana addiction is a huge problem as marijuana is the most widely available and commonly abused drug in Connecticut. However, the drug poses a lower threat than cocaine or heroin because marijuana abusers and distributors usually do not commit violent crimes and because the drug’s effects are generally less debilitating than those associated with other illicit drugs. Connecticut has had fewer addiction treatment admissions to publicly funded facilities for marijuana abuse than for heroin or cocaine abuse; however, the number of addiction treatment admissions is increasing. Most of the marijuana available in Connecticut is Mexico-produced or produced by Mexican criminal groups in Arizona, southern California, and Texas. Cannabis also is cultivated indoors and outdoors in Connecticut. Caucasian, Colombian, Dominican, Jamaican, Mexican, and other Hispanic criminal groups and members of Italian Organized Crime are the dominant transporters of marijuana into Connecticut. They usually transport marijuana into Connecticut in tractor-trailers. Caucasian, Jamaican, and Mexican criminal groups and Connecticut-based local independent dealers are the dominant wholesale distributors of marijuana. African American, Caucasian, Dominican, and other Hispanic criminal groups, street gangs, crews, and local independent dealers are the dominant retail distributors. Connecticut drug rehab and addiction treatment for marijuana addiction is a real concern.

drug rehab data - ecstasy pillsClub Drugs:


Other dangerous drugs, including the stimulant MDMA, the depressants GHB and ketamine, the hallucinogens LSD and PCP, and the diverted pharmaceuticals alprazolam (Xanax), diazepam (Valium), fentanyl (Duragesic), hydrocodone (Vicodin), methadone, oxycodone (OxyContin), and methylphenidate (Ritalin), are an increasing threat to Connecticut and demanding quick and serious Connecticut drug rehab and addiction treatment center expansion on the short term. Many of these dangerous drugs are distributed and abused by teenagers and young adults, sometimes in combination with cocaine and heroin, on college campuses and at raves. The threat posed by these drugs is increasing; however, they pose a lower threat than heroin, cocaine, and marijuana due to their low association with violent crime. These drugs are usually transported into the state via package delivery services, couriers on commercial airline flights, or private vehicles.

drug rehab data - Methamphetamine Labs Seized:drug rehab data - methamphetamineMethamphetamine:

Methamphetamine is rarely distributed or abused in Connecticut. The number of methamphetamine-related addiction treatment admissions, seizures, Organized Crime Drug Enforcement Task Force investigations, and federal sentences in the state is insignificant. Only one methamphetamine production laboratory has been seized since 1993, and there have been no reports of methamphetamine-related violence. Caucasian independent dealers distribute the limited quantity of methamphetamine available in the state. Still, drug rehab programs for methamphetamine addiction still warrant consideration.

Connecticut Drug Rehab Need Scope: Connecticut, the nation’s third smallest state, covers 4,845 square miles. Connecticut has 3.4 million residents, making it the fourth most densely populated state. Most of the state’s population is concentrated along the coast in Bridgeport, New Haven, and Stamford and in the center of the state in Hartford (the state capital) and Waterbury. Each of these cities has a population between 100,000 and 150,000, and these urban areas are more ethnically diverse than the rest of the state. The state’s population is 77.5 percent Caucasian, 9.4 percent Hispanic or Latino, 9.1 percent African American, 2.4 percent Asian, and the remainder is American Indian or other races. The ethnic diversity of the state’s urban areas provides the opportunity for drug distributors of various races or ethnicities to blend with the resident population and should be taken into account during deliberation of drug rehab implementation. Located between the drug distribution centers of New York City and Boston, Connecticut is an important transit and destination area for drugs and drug rehabilitation. Interstate 95, the major north-south route on the East Coast, extends along Connecticut’s southern shore through Stamford, Bridgeport, New Haven, and New London; it connects New York City with Boston and continues to the U.S.–Canada border. Interstate 91 extends from New Haven north to Massachusetts, Vermont, and the U.S.–Canada border. These interstates intersect in New Haven and form what is known by law enforcement as the New England Pipeline. Frequently, drugs are transported through Connecticut between New York City and Boston along I-95 and into Massachusetts and Vermont along I-91. Additionally, I-395, a north-south route through eastern Connecticut, connects I-95 and I-90, the Massachusetts Turnpike. Interstate 84 extends from Pennsylvania through New York into southwestern Connecticut and the cities of Danbury, Waterbury, and Hartford and connects to I-90 in Massachusetts.

The number of drug-related addiction treatment admissions in Connecticut is increasing. According to Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS) data, the number of Connecticut drug rehab admissions to publicly funded Connecticut addiction treatment facilities for drug or alcohol abuse was higher in 1999 (50,008 admissions) than in 1994 (45,665 admissions). In 1999 Connecticut ranked first in the nation for the rate of treatment admissions per 100,000 population and eleventh in the nation for the total number of treatment admissions. The Connecticut Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services reported that there were 53,427 Connecticut addiction treatment admissions for drug or alcohol abuse in fiscal year (FY) 2000. Over 56 percent of the individuals admitted for drug rehab in Connecticut in FY2000 were Caucasian, 23.1 percent were African American, and 18.6 percent were Hispanic. Disparities between state and federal reporting on admissions to substance abuse addiction treatment programs are likely to occur because of differences in data collection and reporting methodologies.

The number of deaths involving drug abuse in Connecticut has increased dramatically since 1997. According to the Connecticut Office of the Chief Medical Examiner, the number of deaths in which drugs were a factor nearly tripled from 1997 to 2000, with 43 in 1997, 74 in 1998, 96 in 1999, and 122 in 2000. In 2000 drugs were involved in the deaths of 90 males and 32 females. Most decedents (87%) were Caucasian. The rate of drug abuse in Connecticut is slightly higher than the national average. According to the National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, in 1999, 7.1 percent of individuals surveyed in Connecticut reported having abused an illicit drug in the previous month compared with approximately 6.3 percent nationwide. Individuals aged 18 to 25 made up the largest group reporting past month drug abuse requiring drug rehab program availability.

A significant percentage of young people in Connecticut report abusing drugs. According to the Governor’s Prevention Initiative for Youth 2000 Student Survey, 42.3 percent of tenth grade students surveyed in Connecticut reported having abused marijuana at least once in their lifetime. The average age of first time marijuana use decreased from 13½ in 1989 to 12½ in 2000 among eighth grade students surveyed in Connecticut. Among ninth and tenth grade students, 3.6 percent reported having abused powdered cocaine, 2.6 percent reported having abused crack cocaine, and 1.8 percent reported having abused heroin in their lifetime. Clearly drug rehab and more addiction treatment is needed.

The financial impact of substance abuse on Connecticut’s budget is significant. In 1998 Connecticut officials spent nearly $850 million on substance abuse-related drug rehab and other programs in the areas of justice, education, health, child-family assistance, mental health-developmental disabilities, public safety, and state workforce. This figure amounted to almost 7.4 percent of the state’s total expenditures. When factoring in the cost of lost productivity and nongovernmental expenses by private social services, estimates for total substance abuse expenditures in Connecticut are even higher. There is a huge need for increased availability of drug rehab and addiction treatment programs for Connecticut now.

Drug Addiction and Drug Rehab Centers

Drug Situation: Powder cocaine and crack cocaine pose the greatest drug threat in Connecticut. Crack cocaine is a significant problem in the urban areas of the state and a significant reason for individuals seeking drug addiction treatment. Located between the drug distribution centers of New York and Boston, Connecticut is an important transit and destination area for drugs. Interstate 95, the major north-south route on the East Coast, extends along Connecticut’s southern shore through Stamford, Bridgeport, New Haven, and New London; it connects New York City with Boston and continues to the U.S-Canada border. Interstate 91 extends from New Haven north to Massachusetts, Vermont, and the U.S.-Canada border. These interstates intersect in New Haven and form what is known by law enforcement as the New England Pipeline.

drug rehab data - Drug-Violation ArrestsOther Drugs: OxyContin is becoming the most popular pharmaceutical drug of choice in Connecticut. Other abused drugs are Vicodin, Oxycodone, Hydrocodone, Percocet, Valium and Diazepam. Another drug, “Wet”, is a mixture of embalming fluid and mint leaves or PCP and mint. It is purchased in small containers and smoked alone or can be combined with marijuana. “Wet” is becoming popular with young urban kids in Connecticut. In 2001, DEA Hartford seized 5,000 tablets of suspected MDMA from a UPS package sent from Austin, TX. The DEA Northeast Regional Lab reported that the 5,000 tablets tested negative for MDMA and that the tablets were chemical substances formally known as piperazines (BZP). Piperazines produce stimulant and hallucinogenic effects similar to MDMA. These chemicals are not currently controlled under the Controlled Substance Act.

DEA Mobile Enforcement Teams: This cooperative program with state and local law enforcement counterparts was conceived in 1995 in response to the overwhelming problem of drug-related violent crime in towns and cities across the nation. There have been 348 deployments completed resulting in 14,794 arrests of violent drug criminals as of June 2002. There has been one MET deployment in the State of Connecticut since the inception of the program. The MET deployment to Bridgeport, Connecticut resulted in 274 arrests and the seizure of .7 pounds of crack cocaine; .5 pounds of heroin; 490 Percocet pills; two vehicles; three weapons; and over $73,000 in U.S. currency and property.

The Need for Drug Rehab Centers in Connecticut

Currently there are 9 state addiction treatment facilities in Connecticut. More drug rehab centers, both private and state funded, will be needed to handle the drug addiction problem.



Information provided by DEA.gov

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