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Hawaii Drug Rehab

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  State Facts
  Population: 1,211,537
  Law Enforcement Officers: 3,214
  State Prison Population: 3,647
  Probation Population: 15,707
  Violent Crime Rate National Ranking: 43
  2001 Federal Drug Seizures
  Cocaine: 28.6 kgs.
  Heroin: 5.5 kgs.
  Methamphetamine: 30.0 kgs.
  Marijuana: 7.9 kgs.
  Clandestine Laboratories: 3 (DEA, state, and local)

Top City in Hawaii

Honolulu

drug rehab / drug addiction - Methamphetamine Labs Seizeddrug rehab / drug addiction - methamphetamineMethamphetamine:

The availability and abuse of crystal methamphetamine and high potency marijuana are the most serious drug rehab concerns to Hawaii. Methamphetamine addiction, particularly high purity crystal methamphetamine, also known as ice, poses the greatest drug threat to Hawaii drug rehab concerns. The number of addiction treatment admissions for methamphetamine abuse more than doubled from 1994 through 2000. Honolulu had the highest percentage of adult male arrestees who tested positive for methamphetamine among cities reporting to the Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring program in 2000. Violence associated with the distribution and abuse of methamphetamine is a serious concern for law enforcement officials and healthcare professionals in Hawaii.

drug rehab / drug addiction - marijuana plantMarijuana:

Marijuana addiction, the second most significant drug rehab threat to the state, is widely available and frequently abused in Hawaii, especially by teenagers. Most marijuana available in Hawaii is produced locally. The state consistently ranks among the top five in the number of cannabis plants eradicated. Cannabis grown outdoors in Hawaii contains some of the highest THC levels in the nation because of the optimal growing conditions, nutrient- and mineral-rich volcanic soil, and advances in hybridization techniques.

drug rehab / drug addiction - opium poppyHeroin:

The availability, distribution, and abuse of heroin continue to present a threat to Hawaii drug rehab scene. Heroin is widely available and addiction of the drug continues to increase. Mexican black tar is the most common type of heroin available in Hawaii. The availability of Southeast Asian heroin, which dominated the Hawaii heroin market in the 1970s and 1980s, is very limited.

drug rehab / drug addiction - cocaineCocaine:

The addiction of cocaine, particularly crack, is decreasing but remains a threat to Hawaii drug rehab programs. Pacific Islander independent dealers and Mexican criminal groups in Hawaii transport most of the cocaine into the state from the West Coast, typically using couriers on commercial flights or via package delivery services.

drug rehab / drug addiction - ecstasy pillsClub Drugs:

The other dangerous drugs (ODDs) category includes club drugs and diverted pharmaceuticals. Currently, the threat posed by club drugs such as MDMA, GHB, and LSD is limited but still a serious drug rehab issue. However, MDMA abuse is increasing in Hawaii addiction treatment scene. Club drugs are used primarily by teens and young adults at all-night dance parties called raves. The abuse of diverted pharmaceuticals such as OxyContin is increasing in Hawaii. There is no evidence to suggest that ODDs contribute to violence in the state and, with the exception of a few isolated incidents, ODDs are not produced in Hawaii.

Hawaii drug rehab programs are grounded in the eight main islands and a 1,500-mile chain of islets covering more than 6,400 square miles. The islands include Hawaii, Kahoolawe, Kauai, Lanai, Maui, Molokai, Niihau, and Oahu. The island of Oahu and the city of Honolulu—the major drug transportation hub in the state—are the focal points for the flow of drugs into the islands. Honolulu, the state capital, is located on the most populated island of Oahu. Honolulu has more than 377,000 residents— nearly 10 times the population of Hilo or Kailua, the next largest cities.

Hawaii has approximately 1.2 million residents and ranks forty-second in population leaving a huge drug rehab need largely unfulfilled. It has the most racially diverse population of any state. Asians account for 41.6 percent of the population, while Caucasians represent 24.3 percent of the population, the lowest percentage of any state. Native Hawaiians account for 9.4 percent; Hispanics, 7.2 percent; and African Americans, 1.8 percent. The remaining 15.7 percent is mixed race. The term Pacific Islander refers to Native Hawaiians, Samoans, Tongans, and individuals from other islands located in the Pacific Basin or those descended from a combination of two or more of these groups. This ethnic diversity must be taken into account with any serious drug rehab program. Drug abuse is a serious concern in Hawaii requiring drug rehab centers.

According to the 1999 National Household Survey on Drug Abuse (NHSDA), 6.7 percent of the respondents aged 12 and older in Hawaii reported using any drug in the past month. Nationally 6.3 percent of respondents reported past month drug abuse. According to the Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS), the total number of drug rehab admissions for drug and alcohol abuse in Hawaii increased over 50 percent from 1994 through 1999. During the same period, the number of addiction treatment admissions for drug and alcohol abuse remained stable nationwide. Per capita spending on substance abuse including drug rehab programs in Hawaii is significant. The National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse (CASA) at Columbia University reported that Hawaii spent $368 per resident in 1998 on substance abuse-related services, ranking the state seventh in the nation including Washington, D.C., and Puerto Rico. That same year Hawaii spent $430 million of its annual budget (8.6 percent) on substance abuse-related programs, inclusive of drug rehab, that focused on justice, education, health, child/family assistance, mental health/developmental disabilities, public safety, and the state workforce. Clearly there is huge room to expand drug rehab facilities and addiction treatment programs in Hawaii.

Drug Abuse and Drug Addiction Treatment

Drug Situation: The Hawaiian Islands are located approximately 2,500 miles from the continental United States. The population is comprised of several ethnic groups, to include native Hawaiians, Japanese, Korean, Phillipino, African-American, and Caucasian. All of the illegal drugs that are available on the mainland can also be found in the islands, with cocaine HCl, crack cocaine, crystal methamphetamine (“ice”), Ecstasy, and OxyContin being the leading threats in the state. Hawaii also remains the producer of some of the highest-grade marijuana in the country (such as “Kona Gold”), and it is suspected that much of it is exported to the mainland.

Other Drugs: The most common forms of diversion of pharmaceutical controlled substances continue to be doctor shoppers; employees who steal from the drug inventory; prescription fraud, including forgeries and other types of prescription falsification; and physicians who indiscriminately prescribe and write prescriptions for reasons other than legitimate medical purposes, outside the scope of their professional practices. Hydrocodone is one of the most abused pharmaceutical drugs in Hawaii, ranging from $3-$9 per tab on the street. OxyContin’s street price has risen 20% (80 mg/$18; 40 mg/$9; 20 mg/$4-5; 10 mg/$3) due to increased demand. Local pharmacies in Hilo report that individuals are purchasing the maximum limits for pseudoephedrine-based OTC drugs.

drug rehab / drug addiction - Drug-Violation ArrestsDEA Mobile Enforcement Teams: This cooperative program with state and local law enforcement counterparts was conceived in 1995 in response to the overwhelming problem of drug-related violent crime in towns and cities across the nation. There have been 348 deployments completed resulting in 14,794 arrests of violent drug criminals through June 2002. There have been four MET deployments in the state of Hawaii since the inception of the program: Hilo, Waipahu, Maui, and Kona. These deployments resulted in 132 arrests and the seizure of one pound of cocaine; 2 ounces of crack cocaine; 0.6 pounds of heroin; 9.6 pounds plus 1,847 plants of marijuana; and 3.8 pounds of methamphetamine. Also seized were 13 weapons, 19 vehicles, and over $130,000 in U.S. currency and property.

Addiction Treatment Centers Needed:

As is the case on the mainland, drug addiction continues to be a growing problem for Hawaiians. More drug rehab centers are needed to effectively handle the problem.

 



Information provided by DEA.gov

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