Enforcement Officers: 12,029
Probation Population: 105,871
Violent Crime Rate National Ranking: 29
Federal Drug Seizures
Cocaine: 61.7 kgs.
Heroin: 0.2 kgs.
Marijuana: 391.8 kgs.
Clandestine Laboratories: 499 (DEA, state, and
Top 12 cities in IndianaElkhart
Drugs and Drug Rehab Centers
Drug Situation: Indiana is an
active drug transportation and distribution area. The northern part of Indiana
lies on Lake Michigan, which is a major waterway within the St. Lawrence Seaway
system providing international shipping for all sections of the Midwest. Seven
interstate highway systems and 20 U.S. highways provide interstate and
intrastate links for drug trafficking, especially with the Southwest Border and
California. Highway (automobile and trucking) and airline trafficking are the
primary means of drug importation, with busing systems as a secondary means.
Mexican criminal groups are the primary wholesale distributors of marijuana,
powdered cocaine, and methamphetamine within Indiana. The trafficking situation
adds to the addiction problem and the increased need for drug addiction
cocaine is readily available throughout the state, and crack cocaine is
primarily available within the urban areas and is the drug of choice among that
population entering drug rehab centers. Most of the heavily populated areas
continue to experience shootings and other acts of violence over drug debts.
Mexican trafficking organizations distribute cocaine to Caucasian, African
American, and other Hispanic groups.
Heroin is not readily available in most of Indiana. Southeast Asian white has
increased in the northwestern part of the state. Black tar is beginning to be
seen in north central Indiana. Heroin abusers appear to be found in their late
teens to early 20s. Hispanic trafficking organizations transport and
distribute Mexican heroin. Southeast Asian white heroin is transported and
distributed by Nigerians to African American street gangs in the Chicago area.
Heroin abuse does appear to be the main reason for many seeking addiction
Methamphetamine: The influx of methamphetamine into
Indiana has increased from year to year as has the number of individuals
seeking drug rehab centers for methamphetamine addiction. Mexican trafficking
organizations are transporting from 15 to 25 pounds at a time with a purity
level ranging from 12 to 15 percent. The Mexican organizations are noted for
cutting the product 2 or 3 times before distribution. The product is
manufactured in Mexico or the southwestern states and transported into Indiana.
The local methamphetamine distributors (Nazi Labs) sell a better quality
product with a purity of 30-40 percent, but do not produce large enough
quantities to support wholesale distribution. The small individual operations
of independent entrepreneurs usually produce enough methamphetamine for
personal use, friends, and limited sales. Nazi labs, usually constructed in
bars or residential homes, produce enough for retail distribution.
The abuse of club drugs such as Ecstasy (MDMA), GHB, Ketamine, and LSD is not a
significant problem, and for the most part, has remained stable. There have
been small seizures of 20-30 pill quantities. There has been a slight increase
in liquid LSD. The MDMA is produced in foreign countries and smuggled into port
cities of the United States and eventually to Indiana.
Marijuana: Marijuana abuse remains a
significant problem within Indiana. Marijuana produced in Mexico is transported
and distributed by Mexican organizations. Transportation is usually by
tractor-trailers in multi-hundred pound quantities. Locally produced marijuana
is cultivated throughout Indiana at outdoor and indoor grow sites. The outdoor
sites are usually located in farm fields, or near riverbanks. Indoor grows are
located in private residences or large barn-type buildings on private land.
Other Drugs: Pseudoephedrine: There
have been several reported incidents of gas stations and small stores selling
cases of pseudoephedrine to local methamphetamine dealers. Retail stores are
reporting increasing instances of people shoplifting and/or making repeated
purchases of items used in the manufacturing of methamphetamine. Oxy-Contin:
The diversion and abuse of pharmaceuticals, especially Oxy-Contin is a growing
threat throughout Indiana. Northeast Indiana has experienced a series of
pharmacy armed robberies in which Oxy-Contin was taken. At present, there are
two priority target investigations involving physicians diverting Oxy-Contin
through illegal prescribing.
DEA Mobile Enforcement Teams:
This cooperative program
with state and local law enforcement counterparts was conceived in 1995 in
response to the overwhelming problem of drug-related violent crime in towns and
cities across the nation. There have been 348 deployments completed resulting
in 14,794 arrests of violent drug criminals as of June 2002. There have been
four MET deployments in the State of Indiana since the inception of the
program: Fort Wayne, Indianapolis, Michigan City, and Hammond. These
deployments resulted in 265 arrests and the seizure of 20.7 pounds of cocaine;
403.1 pounds of crack cocaine; .3 pounds of heroin; 131 pounds of marijuana;
1.7 pounds of methamphetamine; 1.9 pounds of Ecstasy; and 110 dosage units of
LSD. Also seized were 85 firearms, 13 vehicles, and over $75,000 in U.S.
currency and property.
Special Topics: During October
1997, ONDCP designated a single county in northwest Indiana as the Lake County
High Intensity Drug Trafficking Area (Lake County HIDTA). The Lake County HIDTA
consists of a single Indiana county.
The Need for Addiction Treatment Centers
earlier, Indiana is an active drug transportation and distribution area.
Increased law enforcement efforts alone are not enough to handle the addiction
problem. More drug addiction treatment needs to be readily available to those