Enforcement Officers: 5,229
State Prison Population:
Probation Population: 19,675
Violent Crime Rate
Federal Drug Seizures
Cocaine: 3.1 kgs.
Heroin: 0 kgs.
Marijuana: 199.9 kgs.
Laboratories: 553 (DEA, state, and
Top 9 cities in IowaAmes
Drug Addiction and Drug Addiction
Drug Situation: Methamphetamine,
both that which is produced in Mexico or the Southwest United States and
locally produced, remains the principal drug of concern in the state of Iowa
and the drug of choice for many entering drug rehab centers. Cocaine,
particularly crack cocaine, is a significant problem in the urban areas of the
state. Iowa also serves as a transshipment point for drugs being transported to
the eastern United States via Interstate 80. Interstates 29 and 35 also provide
a critical north-south transportation avenue for drug traffickers.
Cocaine continues to be readily available throughout Iowa. The cocaine is
transported from the West Coast via commercial airlines, motor vehicles, and
mail services. Suppliers from Chicago, Illinois, also supply cocaine to eastern
Iowa. Mexican polydrug traffickers bring some of the cocaine into the state
with shipments of marijuana and methamphetamine. Much of the cocaine HCl is
converted into crack cocaine for sale at the retail level. Street gangs control
distribution in many of the urban areas of Iowa. An increase in violence
accompanies this gang presence. Crack is reported to be the drug of choice for
many seeking drug addiction treatment.
Mexican heroin is available in retail-level quantities throughout the urban
areas of Iowa. Most of the heroin seizures are of the black-tar type, while
addiction treatment centers in Des Moines report the presence of Mexican brown
Methamphetamine: Methamphetamine is the primary drug
of choice among those seeking drug addiction treatment in Iowa. Caucasian males
and females are equally the primary users. Most of the methamphetamine in the
state is brought in by Hispanic organizations via motor vehicles, commercial
airlines, and mail delivery services. The large Mexican communities in Iowa
provide an infrastructure to import and distribute the methamphetamine. The
purity of imported methamphetamine is declining from earlier years and is cited
to be as low as three percent with the average of 20-25 percent. The amount of
methamphetamine seized in the state of Iowa increased 34 percent between years
2000 and 2001. Local small toxic laboratories continue to be a significant
problem throughout Iowa. Most of the laboratories produce only ounce quantities
at a time. Eastern Iowa reports an increasing problem with the laboratories,
causing law enforcement agencies to expend a large number of man-hours on the
The state of Iowa is seeing an increase in the abuse of club drugs,
such as MDMA and GHB. MDMA (Ecstasy) is found at rave parties in eastern and
central Iowa with the state crime lab reporting an increase in the number of
MDMA exhibits being processed. The amount of MDMA seized in Iowa increased from
36 dosage units in year 2000 to 252 dosage units in 2001. GHB is another drug
of concern throughout the state. In a recent case, a Catholic priest in the
Quad Cities area of Eastern Iowa was arrested for GHB production and
distribution. The amount of GHB seized in Iowa increased from 0 dosage units in
year 2000 to 34 dosage units in 2001.
Marijuana: Marijuana is readily available
throughout eastern and northwestern Iowa, usually in combination with cocaine
and/or methamphetamine. The majority of the marijuana is imported from the
southwest border via commercial airlines, motor vehicles, and mail delivery
services. Domestically produced marijuana is also available in Iowa. Small
indoor and outdoor grow operations have been found in eastern and central Iowa.
Ditchweed marijuana is a continuing problem. The ditchweed is used
as filler for higher purity imported marijuana. Marijuana Legislation:
For the past several years, there have been attempts to introduce
legislation regarding the medicinal use of marijuana and the production of
hemp, The legislation has always failed to make it out of committee. This
legislation was not introduced during the past session.
popular pharmaceutical substances abused in eastern and central Iowa are
Vicodin, Lortab, propoxyphene, alprazolam, hydrocodone, Ultram, diazepam,
Hycodan, Demerol, Dilaudid, and Percodan. Much of the diversion is through
fraudulent prescriptions, doctor shopping, pharmacy break-ins, and hospital
thefts. OxyContin is also noted to be a pharmaceutical drug of abuse in Iowa.
DEA Mobile Enforcement Teams: This cooperative program with
state and local law enforcement counterparts was conceived in 1995 in response
to the overwhelming problem of drug-related violent crime in towns and cities
across the nation. There have been 359 deployments completed resulting in over
14,456 arrests of violent drug criminals as of April 1, 2002. There has been
one MET deployment in the Iowa since the inception of the program. The MET
deployment to Fort Dodge, Iowa resulted in 18 arrests, and the seizure of .6
pounds of cocaine and .6 pounds of methamphetamine. Also seized were 3 weapons
and $8,000 in U.S. currency.
Special Topics: The Midwest High
Intensity Drug Trafficking Area (HIDTA) was established by the Office of
National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP) in 1996, in order to combat
methamphetamine in the Midwestern states. Since its formation, the DEA has
served in a leadership role in the HIDTA. There are nine Iowa-based agencies
participating in the Midwest HIDTA, three of which are federal task forces.
Additional Drug Rehab Centers are
increase in availability and abuse of highly addictive illegal drugs and
illegally obtained prescription drugs, it is obvious that more drug rehab
centers are needed. An individual hoping to overcome drug addiction needs to
seek an effective addiction treatment center.