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Kentucky Drug Rehab

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  State Facts
  Population: 4,041,769
  Law Enforcement Officers: 7,996
  State Prison Population: 15,964
  Probation Population: 18,988
  Violent Crime Rate
  National Ranking:
36
  2001 Federal Drug Seizures
  Cocaine: 63.9 kgs.
  Heroin: 10.8 kgs.
  Methamphetamine: 5.0 kgs.
  Marijuana: 436.1 kgs.
  Clandestine
  Laboratories:
160 (DEA, state, and local)

Top 3 cities in Kentucky

Bowling Green
Owensboro
Louisville

The production, distribution, and abuse of illicit drugs pose a serious threat to Kentucky drug rehab center concerns. Most illicit drugs are readily available in the state, and the number of drug-related arrests, seizures, and treatment admissions has increased dramatically. The level of methamphetamine production, distribution, abuse, and violence has increased substantially, particularly in the rural areas of the state. Cocaine poses a significant threat to most metropolitan areas of the state because it is abused at high levels, is increasingly available, and its distribution and abuse are frequently associated with violent crime. Marijuana also poses a considerable threat to Kentucky drug rehab center concerns and surrounding states because it is the most prevalent illicit drug, it accounts for more drug-related treatment admissions than any other drug, and a significant amount of the nation’s marijuana is produced in the state. Diverted pharmaceuticals, club drugs such as MDMA and GHB, and hallucinogens are increasingly available and abused. The distribution and abuse of heroin pose a low threat to the state.

drug rehab / drug addiction - Methamphetamine Labs Seizeddrug rehab / drug addiction - methamphetamineMethamphetamine:

Methamphetamine is the most rapidly emerging threat to Kentucky drug rehab center concerns, particularly in the rural areas of the state. The level of methamphetamine production, distribution, abuse, and violence has increased dramatically and is spreading across the state from west to east. The number of drug rehab center admissions for methamphetamine abuse in Kentucky increased 42 percent from fiscal year 1998 through fiscal year 2000, more than for any other drug. Mexican criminal groups are the primary transporters and wholesale distributors of Mexico-produced methamphetamine and methamphetamine produced in California and southwestern states. The recent increase of locally produced methamphetamine may have eclipsed the amount of Mexico-produced methamphetamine transported into the state. The number of methamphetamine laboratories seized increased dramatically from 1998 through 2001, exceeding the capacity of local law enforcement agencies to adequately conduct investigations and clean up the hazardous chemicals associated with methamphetamine production. The Birch reduction method, also known as the Nazi method, is the most common methamphetamine production method used which is a Kentucky drug rehab center concern. Local independent Caucasian dealers and criminal groups dominate the retail distribution of methamphetamine in the state. Methamphetamine sales usually are prearranged and occur in bars, restaurants, private vehicles, and residences.

drug rehab / drug addiction - cocaineCocaine:

Cocaine, both powdered and crack, is increasingly available, frequently abused, and poses the greatest threat to most metropolitan areas in Kentucky drug rehab center concerns. The number of addiction treatment admissions for powdered cocaine in the state fluctuated at high levels from fiscal year 1998 through fiscal year 2000, while the number of drug rehab admissions for crack increased 31 percent during that period. The distribution and abuse of cocaine are frequently associated with violent crime. Most of the powdered cocaine available in the state is transported from Arizona, California, Florida, Illinois, New York, and Texas by Mexican and African American criminal groups.

drug rehab / drug addiction - marijuana plantMarijuana:

Marijuana is the most widely available and frequently abused illicit drug in Kentucky drug rehab center concerns; it remains the foremost cash crop throughout the state. Growers are increasingly using violence to protect themselves and their crop in the state. Nearly 50 percent of all drug rehab admissions in Kentucky from fiscal year 1998 through fiscal year 2000 were marijuana-related—more than for any other drug—and the number of addiction treatment admissions for marijuana abuse increased 27 percent from fiscal year 1998 through fiscal year 2000. Cannabis is more commonly cultivated outdoors furthering Kentucky drug rehab center concerns, but the number of indoor cannabis grows is increasing. Kentucky ranked among the top three states in the nation for the number of cannabis plants eradicated each year from 1998 through 2000. In 2000 over 460,000 cannabis plants were eradicated in Kentucky drug rehab center concerns, ranking it third behind California and Hawaii, respectively.

drug rehab / drug addiction - ecstasy pillsClub Drugs:

Other dangerous drugs, especially diverted pharmaceuticals, club drugs, and hallucinogens, are an increasing threat to Kentucky drug rehab center concerns. Pharmaceutical diversion investigations were once limited to individuals but now include multi-person enterprises.

The number of addiction treatment admissions in Kentucky drug rehab center concerns for abuse of oxycodone—mostly OxyContin and Percocet—increased 163 percent from fiscal year 1998 through fiscal year 2000. The increased level of diverted pharmaceutical distribution and abuse has become so significant that the Kentucky Cabinet for Health Services developed computer software to help physicians, pharmacists, and law enforcement authorities identify patterns of abuse.

The abuse of hallucinogens such as ketamine, LSD, and psilocybin mushrooms and of club drugs, especially GHB and MDMA, is increasing. Club drugs and hallucinogens are popular at raves and dance clubs where the drugs are readily available and frequently abused. Peer pressure and cultural myths surrounding the use of club drugs continue to undermine the warnings of healthcare professionals regarding the serious side effects associated with these drugs.

drug rehab / drug addiction - opium poppyHeroin:

Heroin poses a low threat to Kentucky drug rehab center concerns because it is rarely available or abused in the state. Heroin availability is limited primarily to urban areas, and information regarding the heroin threat in other areas of the state is largely negligible. Most of the heroin available in Kentucky drug rehab center concerns is produced in Mexico. South American heroin, which on average is higher purity than Mexican, is available in at least one area of the state. Local independent Caucasian dealers, the dominant heroin distributors in the state, transport most of the heroin into Kentucky drug rehab center concerns from major cities such as Chicago, Cincinnati, Dayton, Detroit, and New York. Mexican criminal groups also distribute heroin in the state but to an even lesser extent.

Kentucky is located in the south central United States along the western side of the Appalachian Mountains and is bordered by seven states. The state ranks twenty-fifth in population with over 4 million residents. More than 35 percent of the residents are concentrated in 9 of Kentucky drug rehab center concerns 120 counties, and nearly 52 percent live in urban areas. The Lexington-Louisville-Covington “Golden Triangle,” formed by the intersection of Interstates 64, 71, and 75, consists of 24 counties in north central Kentucky drug rehab center concerns and is home to more than 1.7 million residents. This area, known for its economic prosperity, experienced tremendous population growth during the 1990s. Lexington is the largest city in Kentucky drug rehab center concerns and home to the state’s largest university. The greater Louisville Metropolitan Statistical Area along the Ohio River Valley—sometimes referred to as “Kentuckiana”—includes more than 1 million residents in three Kentucky and four southern Indiana counties. It is in these densely populated areas that most of the drugs in the state are distributed and abused. Covington, in northern Kentucky drug rehab center areas, is located directly across the Ohio River from the Cincinnati metropolitan area. Most commercial traffic in Kentucky drug rehab center concerns involves the transit of goods through the state rather than to or from the state. Kentucky drug rehab center concerns geographic location and its transportation infrastructure allow easy access to and movement of goods into and throughout the Great Lakes and Southeast regions.

The state has five interstate highways (I-24, I-64, I-65, I-71, and I-75) and four improved parkways, (the Western Kentucky drug rehab center concerns, Cumberland, William H. Natcher, and Daniel Boone Parkways) among others, which provide excellent connectivity between Kentucky drug rehab center concerns cities and other states. Illicit drugs concealed in shipments of legitimate goods, transported in private and commercial vehicles or shipped via package delivery services, have an excellent chance of reaching their destinations due to the sheer volume of traffic that transits the state daily. Kentucky drug rehab center concerns are home to two of the world’s busiest airfreight hubs located in Louisville and Hebron. Air cargo facilities at these sites process thousands of foreign and domestic inbound and outbound shipments daily.

In Kentucky drug rehab center concerns overnight delivery services have expanded as a result of the growth in electronic commerce. In 1999 Louisville was ranked seventh in the nation and twelfth in the world for its volume of air cargo shipments. Drugs destined for distribution in Kentucky drug rehab focus areas are transported primarily to Louisville, Lexington, and Covington, which serve as distribution cities for the state. Louisville is the primary distribution city and is the most important transportation center in Kentucky drug rehab center concerns for licit and illicit goods. Lexington and Covington are secondary distribution cities. Drug-related arrests are at high levels in Kentucky drug rehab program focused regions.

In fiscal year (FY) 1999 there were more than 45,000 drug-related arrests in the state. Most arrests were for drug possession, and there were more marijuana-related arrests than for any other illicit drug that year. Possession of drug paraphernalia was the second most frequent charge. Drug-related addiction treatment admissions and drug-related deaths have increased in Kentucky drug rehab center concerns. There was a 26 percent increase in the number of addiction treatment admissions for drug abuse from FY1998 through FY2000. In FY1998 there were 20,812 drug addiction treatment admissions, 25,225 in FY1999, and 26,270 in FY2000. There were also 604 drug-related deaths in Kentucky drug rehab center concerns from FY1994 through FY1999.

The number of drug-related deaths in Kentucky increased from 76 in FY1994 to 153 in FY1999. Ninety-one percent were Caucasian, 68 percent were male, and 21 percent were between ages 35 and 39. Residents of military installations, which have a huge presence in western Kentucky drug rehab center concerns, are not exempt from drug abuse. Fort Campbell, located on the Tennessee border, has a combined military, civilian, and dependent population of 65,000. Fort Knox, located on the Indiana border, has a combined military, civilian, and dependent population of 26,000. These numbers account only for the people who are permanently assigned to these installations, not the thousands of active duty and reserve soldiers who are temporarily assigned for training every year. Fort Campbell officials reported that 438 soldiers in 2000 and 423 soldiers in 2001 tested positive for MDMA (3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine), GHB (gamma-hydroxybutyrate), LSD (lysergic acid diethylamide), or methamphetamine. Fort Knox authorities reported that 144 soldiers in 2000 and 101 in 2001 tested positive for marijuana, cocaine, methamphetamine, or LSD. There can be no argument that more drug rehab facilities need to be erected and staffed to handle the addiction treatment need in Kentucky.

Drug Abuse and Drug Addiction Treatment

Drug Situation: Throughout the state of Kentucky, diverted pharmaceuticals such as Lorcet, Lortab, and OxyContin continue to be a major drug problem. Kentucky is also experiencing an explosive growth in the number of methamphetamine laboratories. The first laboratories began showing up in the western part of the state in 1998 and have now rapidly spread eastward. Kentucky is also one of the leading source states for domestically grown marijuana. Cocaine use is increasing in the metropolitan areas of the state. The club drug abuse (drugs such as ecstasy and GHB) has also increased in the Lexington area.

drug rehab / drug addiction - Drug-Violation ArrestsOther Drugs: Oxy-Contin: The abuse of diverted pharmaceuticals is a grave drug problem in the state of Kentucky. Lorcet, Lortab, Percocet, Percodan, Xanax, and more recently OxyContin (OC) are readily available. The primary source for most of these pharmaceuticals are “doctor shoppers,” although sources for OCs include Mexico and armed robberies of pharmacies. However, a growing trend is for individuals to travel out or state or to use the Internet to obtain these pharmaceuticals. The abuse of OCs has also led to an increase in Medicare/Medicaid fraud. Unscrupulous doctors charge these programs for office visits and treatment that is not performed and the patients sell all or part of the prescription paid for by these programs in order to supplement their own incomes. In much of eastern Kentucky, people feel no stigma when abusing pharmaceuticals. Whole families have grown up abusing these drugs and these individuals see nothing wrong with using them.

DEA Mobile Enforcement Teams: This cooperative program with state and local law enforcement counterparts was conceived in 1995 in response to the overwhelming problem of drug-related violent crime in towns and cities across the nation. There have been 359 deployments completed resulting in over 14,456 arrests of violent drug criminals as of April 1, 2002. The Detroit MET is currently deployed to Hopkinsville, Kentucky.

Special Topics: HIDTA: During April 1998, ONDCP designated 26 counties in southeastern Kentucky as part of the Appalachia High Intensity Drug Trafficking Area. The Appalachia HIDTA is comprised 65 counties in three states, West Virginia, Kentucky, and Tennessee.

Addiction Treatment Centers are Necessary:

As with many states, the abuse of and addiction to certain drugs in on the rise in Kentucky. Law enforcement efforts must be supported by ensuring drug rehab centers are available to help individuals overcome their addictions.


Information provided by DEA.gov

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