Enforcement Officers: 2,565
State Prison Population:
Probation Population: 7,524
Violent Crime Rate National Ranking: 48
Federal Drug Seizures
Cocaine: 0.5 kgs.
Heroin: 0 kgs.
Marijuana: 21.3 kgs.
Laboratories: 2 (DEA, state, and local)
Top City in MainePortland
Substance Abuse and Addiction Treatment
Drug Situation: Marijuana, which
is both grown locally and imported from Canada, Massachusetts, and New York,
remains the principal drug of abuse in Maine. Heroin availability and use is
increasing in the state, as are cocaine and diverted pharmaceuticals. It is
easy to see why there is an increased need for drug rehab centers.
Methamphetamine, although not yet a significant problem, has considerable
potential for production and distribution in Maine. Interstate 95 provides a
critical north-south transportation avenue for drug traffickers who travel most
frequently to sources of supply in several northeastern Massachusetts cities,
and Maines many harbors offer ample opportunities for drug smugglers.
Cocaine: Cocaine is
encountered throughout the state in fractional ounce to kilogram quantities.
Maine residents, generally Caucasians, traditionally travel south on Interstate
95 in passenger vehicles to obtain cocaine from suppliers, generally Dominican
violators, based in Lawrence, Lowell, and Lynn, MA. Crack cocaine is growing in
popularity in southern and central Maine communities, with Biddeford and
Lewiston serving as the main distribution points.
Heroin: The availability of heroin in Maine
continues to increase as does its abuse as reported by those entering addiction
treatment centers. MA-based Dominican traffickers are the primary suppliers of
high-quality heroin to the Maine distributors who typically transport the drug
in passenger vehicles. While use is more prevalent in southern communities, it
is encountered in coastal and Canadian border communities, and it has spread
into rural and remote areas. Abuse has increased, particularly among younger
teenagers in Bridgeton, Rockland, Penobscot, and York counties.
Methamphetamine: Although found throughout the state
and reportedly abused by increasing numbers seeking drug addiction treatment,
methamphetamine has yet to become a significant problem in Maine. The
states northernmost county, Aroostook, has experienced increased abuse
and availability. Investigations have revealed that low quality metamphetamine
is often express-mailed into the state from California and the southwestern
states. Trafficking groups supplying meth to the state either have connections
to outlaw motorcycle clubs or are members of the rave set.
Law-enforcement officials recently uncovered a non-functioning methamphetamine
lab in Washington County, a reminder that Maines size and predominantly
rural population creates a significant potential for large-scale
methamphetamine manufacturing. The DEA has sponsored a clandestine laboratory
school for federal investigators, state and local police, and fire
Drugs: Law-enforcement officials in the southern portion of Maine
have noticed a small increase in MDMA (Ecstasy) use. MDMA continues to be
associated with rave parties and the student population.
Marijuana: Marijuana, long the illicit drug
of choice in Maine, is readily available throughout the state. Year-round
indoor grows are the current trend in the state, but high-grade marijuana
cultivated in Canada has been smuggled over the border. Hashish is available
sporadically in small quantities; however, the popularity of hashish in Canada
may eventually impact Maine. Traffickers have moved hashish and hash oil
through Maine and into Canada. Commercial-grade marijuana is often obtained
from middlemen in the southern New England states and New York. Predominantly
Caucasian traffickers supply marijuana grown in Maine as well as shipped from
the southwest border and Canada. Shipments ranging from 15 to 500 pounds
typically enter the state via Interstate 95 in automobiles, campers, rental
trucks, and tractor-trailers. Motorcycle groups historically have controlled
much of the marijuana distribution in Maine, and these groups continue to use
associates to distribute approximately 300 to 500 pounds monthly. Maine has a
number of statutes related to marijuana possession, cultivation, trafficking,
therapeutic research programs, paraphernalia, illegal importation, and asset
forfeiture. These laws are often cited as the reason that Maine residents must
travel to obtain their illicit drugs from out-of-state traffickers wary of the
states tough drug laws. Marijuana is often reportedly abused in
conjunction with other drugs by those entering drug rehab centers.
PCP purchased in Boston is
available in southern Maine. LSD, available in gelcap form, is abused by young
students. Psilocybin mushrooms, most often obtained from commercially available
cultivation kits, are available in state. Law enforcement recently seized a
psilocybin cultivation operation run by a student on the University of Maine
campus. Maine has experienced a significant increase in the availability of
diverted pharmaceuticals. Oxycodone products, Percocet, Roxicet, and OxyContin
are readily available. In Washington County, including the city of Calais,
Dilaudid is encountered frequently. Numerous instances of doctor-shopping
rings, falsified prescriptions, and pharmacy robberies of OxyContin have been
experienced in Lincoln County and the Portland area. In addition, there have
been several instances of diverted Canadian pharmaceuticals being smuggled into
DEA Mobile Enforcement Teams: This cooperative program with
state and local law enforcement counterparts was conceived in 1995 in response
to the overwhelming problem of drug-related violent crime in towns and cities
across the nation. There have been 348 deployments completed resulting in
14,794 arrests of violent drug criminals as of June 2002.
Special Topics: Interstate 95,
The New England Pipeline, remains the interdiction focus in Maine
since it travels through the interior of the state, connects several of the
larger cities, and terminates at the Canadian border.
Drug Addiction Treatment Needed:Law enforcement efforts must be supported by providing more drug
addiction treatment in the form of effective drug rehab centers. Addicted
individuals must be given the opportunity to regain their lives and become
productive members of their community.