Enforcement Officers: 20,583
Probation Population: 170,978
Violent Crime Rate
Federal Drug Seizures
Cocaine: 537.6 kgs.
Heroin: 10.9 kgs.
Marijuana: 3,571.1 kgs.
Laboratories: 119 (DEA, state, and
Top 24 cities in MichiganNovi
St. Clair Shores
Drug Addiction and Drug Addiction
Drug Situation: Cocaine, heroin,
and marijuana continue to be the primary drug threats in the state of Michigan
and the primary drugs of choice among those entering drug rehab centers. The
Detroit area is seeing a resurgence in the availability of Southeast Asian
(SEA) heroin. The level of use and availability of heroin fluctuates, but it
remains a threat in the state and is a significant problem for many seeking
drug addiction treatment. In addition, the Detroit metropolitan area has
emerged as a transshipment point for bulk quantities/shipments of
pseudoephedrine, a chemical used in the manufacturing of methamphetamine.
Cocaine HCL is readily available throughout Michigan, with the greatest
availability in the densely populated areas where quantities remain stable.
Cocaine destined for the state of Michigan originates from source areas such as
the Southwest Border of the U.S., Southern Florida, New York, and Chicago. The
price and purity of cocaine has remained relatively stable in Michigan for the
past several years.
Heroin: Heroin is widely available throughout the
Detroit area and the more densely populated areas of Michigan. These areas see
a number of individuals seeking drug addiction treatment. Heroin destined for
the Michigan region continues to originate from different parts of the world.
Large quantities of heroin are imported from South America, Mexico, and Africa.
Southeast and Southwest Asian heroin are prevalent in the metropolitan Detroit
Methamphetamine: Methamphetamine continues to be
available in the State of Michigan with the western, southwest, and central
areas of the state reporting the majority of cases and a large number of
individuals needing addiction treatment centers. Most production at this time
is occurring in rural areas. Methamphetamine availability remains low in the
Detroit area, although the Detroit-Windsor border continues to be an entry
point for a major pseudoephedrine smuggling route.
The use of club drugs such as Ecstasy (MDMA), GHB, and Ketamine has steadily
increased in Michigan. Club drugs are growing in popularity among young adults
and juveniles, particularly in most urban areas of the state where
Rave parties are also increasing. Most areas of the state, with the
exception of the central lower-peninsula, report MDMA to be readily
Marijuana: Marijuana continues to be the
most commonly used and readily available illicit drug throughout Michigan. The
vast majority of marijuana sold in Michigan originates in Mexico, however,
domestically grown marijuana is also available and is grown for export to other
near-by states and Canada.
diversion and abuse of pharmaceuticals, especially OxyContin, represent a
significant threat to Michigan. OxyContin is a slow-release form of the
painkiller Oxycodone, which is of benefit to cancer patients and those with
chronic pain. OxyContin, with effects the same as other opiate derivatives, is
obtained legally through prescriptions and illegally on the street.
Enforcement Teams: This cooperative program with state and local law enforcement
counterparts was conceived in 1995 in response to the overwhelming problem of
drug-related violent crime in towns and cities across the nation. There have
been 348 deployments completed resulting in 14,794 arrests of violent drug
criminals as of June 2002. There have been nine MET deployments in the State of
Michigan since the inception of the program: Pontiac, Ypsilanti, Lincoln
Park/Melvindale, Inkster, Muskegon, Benton Harbor, Mt. Clemens, Flint, and
Special Topics: During 1997,
ONDCP designated areas within Michigan as the Southeast Michigan High Intensity
Drug Trafficking Area (SEM HIDTA). The SEM HIDTA is comprised of the Michigan
counties of Wayne, Oakland, Macomb and Washtenaw. Recently, ONDCP provided
additional funding to the SEM HIDTA, enabling it to branch out to two
additional counties, Van Buren and Allegan.
Drug Rehab Centers Needed:As in many areas of the country,
drug addiction continues to be a significant socio-economic issue for Michigan.
Addiction treatment centers offering effective treatment programs continue to
be essential in combatting this problem.