Enforcement Officers: 8,844
State Prison Population:
Probation Population: 104,614
Violent Crime Rate National Ranking: 40
Federal Drug Seizures
Cocaine: 31.8 kgs.
Heroin: 13.5 kgs.
Marijuana: 798.2 kgs.
Clandestine Laboratories: 131 (DEA, state, and
Top 15 cities in MinnesotaBlaine
Drugs and Drug Addiction Treatment In
Drug Situation:In Minnesota,
Mexican traffickers control the transportation, distribution, and bulk sales of
cocaine, marijuana, methamphetamine, and small amounts of black-tar heroin.
Numerous Mexican groups of varying size, such as street gangs known as Brown
For Life and the Latin Kings, are operating in the state. As a general rule,
the upper echelon Mexican distributors in Minnesota shipped the majority of
their proceeds back to family members residing in Mexico. At the retail level,
independent African-American traffickers, African-American street gangs,
Native-American gangs, and independent white group purchase cocaine, black-tar
heroin, and marijuana from Mexican traffickers. In outlying areas of the state,
independent white groups and outlaw motorcycle gangs produce methamphetamine in
small quantities. Street gang activity in Minnesota has increased dramatically
over the past few years. African-American gangs appear to be primarily involved
in the distribution of crack cocaine.
majority of cocaine found in Minnesota is purchased from sources of supply in
California, Chicago, and Detroit. Some traffickers obtain cocaine directly from
sources of supply along the Southwest Border and transport the cocaine to
Minnesota themselves. Mexican traffickers control the transportation,
distribution, and bulk sales of cocaine. At the retail level, independent
African-American traffickers, African-American street gangs (specifically the
Gangster Disciples, the Vice Lords, and Crips), Hispanic street gangs
(specifically the Latin Kings), Native-American groups, and independent white
groups purchase cocaine from Mexican traffickers and distribute it throughout
Minnesota. In the Minneapolis-St. Paul metropolitan area, crack cocaine is
controlled by independent African-American traffickers and African-American
Heroin: Heroin distribution and use have not been
significant problems in Minnesota, but recent reports indicate there has been
an increase in heroin abuse, especially in the Minneapolis/St. Paul area, and
an increase in the number of individuals entering drug rehab centers for heroin
addiction. At the wholesale level, sources of supply include Nigerian/West
African traffickers operating from Chicago and New York, African-American
street gangs with ties to Chicago, and Mexican traffickers operating from the
Southwest Border and from Chicago. At the retail level, heroin is distributed
primarily by Hispanic and African-American street gangs.
Methamphetamine: The meth threat in Minnesota is a
two-pronged problem. First, large quantities of meth produced by Mexican
organizations based in California are transported into and distributed
throughout the state. Second, meth increasingly is being produced in small
laboratories, capable of producing only a few ounces at a time. Mexican groups,
who receive their product from the West Coast, control distribution of the
drug. These traffickers typically send meth from California through the U.S.
mail, via Federal Express, and by courier. Meth-related emergency room mentions
in Minneapolis-St. Paul reported by Drug Abuse Warning Network (DAWN) increased
from 112 in 1999 to 153 in 2000, an increase of 36 percent. This reflects an
increase in the number of methamphetamine abusers requiring drug addiction
treatment, as well.
Drugs: Club drugs, including MDMA (Ecstasy), ketamine, GHB, GBL,
Rohypnol, LSD, PCP, methamphetamine, nubain, and, to a lesser extent,
psilocybin mushrooms, have been reported in Minnesota. Club drug use is most
common among young people at raves and nightclubs in suburban areas. Prior to
its placement in Schedule I in February 2000, Minnesota placed state controls
on the possession of GHB. Ketamine (Special K) use first appeared
in Minnesota in 1997 among adolescents and young adults. Public awareness of
the growing prevalence and dangers of club drug use has been heightened by
several recent incidents: five deaths involving MDMA, the meth-related death of
a teenager, several large law enforcement cases involving GBL, and a
police-related incident involving a youth on LSD.
Marijuana: Marijuana remains the most
commonly used and readily available drug in Minnesota according to public
health officials. The importation of bulk marijuana shipments into the state of
Minnesota is controlled by Mexican drug trafficking organizations. Hispanic
street gangs are the major distributors of marijuana at the retail level.
Marijuana is readily available from local cultivators in addition to the
supplies emanating from the Southwest Border. In 2001, 2,120 cultivated plants
were seized from 44 indoor grow operations, and 1,432 cultivated plants were
eradicated from 18 outdoor plots. Last year over 4 million ditchweed plants
were eradicated. According to the Drug Abuse Warning Network, the number of
marijuana-related hospital emergency room mentions in Minneapolis increased
approximately 25 percent between 1997 and 2000.
The use of
diverted controlled substances in Minnesota continues to be a problem. The most
commonly diverted controlled substances from the licit market are nubain,
dilaudid, ritalin, vicodin (hydrocodone), oxycontin, codeine combination
products, the benzodiazepines, and the anorectic drugs phentermine and
phendimetrazie. Nubain is a prescription narcotic that has recently emerged in
the Minneapolis area. This narcotic is being used by body builders who
mistakenly believe it acts as a steroid. Four deaths have occurred in the
Minneapolis area as a result of nubain being taken with MDMA, and OxyContin
being mixed with cocaine. According to local addicts, Klonopin is more readily
available than in the past from illegal sources and prescriptions are easily
obtained from some doctors. In rural Minnesota it has also appeared under its
international, non-United States trade name, Rivotril, which
suggests its importation from foreign sources. Flunitrazepam, trade name
Rohypnol, is a long-acting benzodiapine that is typically combined
with alcohol or other drugs to produce incapacitation and memory loss similar
to an alcohol-induced blackout. Minnesota law enforcement agencies encountered
only small amounts of the drug. Its use as a date rape drug is not
widespread in Minnesota. Many individuals entering addiction treatment centers
report abusing club drugs, marijuana or prescription medications in addition to
their primary drug of choice.
DEA Mobile Enforcement Teams:
This cooperative program
with state and local law enforcement counterparts was conceived in 1995 in
response to the overwhelming problem of drug-related violent crime in towns and
cities across the nation. There have been 348 deployments completed resulting
in 14,794 arrests of violent drug criminals as of June 2002.
Special Topics: The DEA North
Central Division is committed to fostering cooperative efforts among federal,
state, and local law enforcement agencies within Minnesota. A task force
consisting of two groups and funded by DEAs State and Local Program is
located in Minneapolis. There are 14 Task Force Officers, representing 7 law
enforcement agencies, assigned to DEA in Minnesota. There are 23 funded Task
Forces throughout Minnesota receiving U.S. Department of Justice Byrne grant
money. The DEA participates in the Minneapolis Gang Strike Force (MGSF), which
was created in 1997 to combat escalating gang violence in the state. It
operates six regional offices. Currently there are over 5,000 confirmed gang
members entered into the Minnesota Gang Strike Force Intelligence System and
160 organized gangs.
Addiction Treatment Centers needed:Law enforcement efforts continue
and increase to stop the inflow of drugs into the state. Law enforcement can be
aided by assuring there is an adequate number of drug rehab centers to help
those addicted individuals who wish to overcome their addictions. Helping
people overcome their addictions is crucial to restore communities.