Enforcement Officers: 13,287
Probation Population: 52,493
Violent Crime Rate
Federal Drug Seizures
Heroin: 2.9 kgs.
Marijuana: 8,739.9 kgs.
Laboratories: 2,207 (DEA, state, and
Top 10 cities in MissouriFlorissant
Drugs and Drug Rehab Centers
Drug Situation: Mexican poly-drug
trafficking organizations control a large majority of the distribution of
methamphetamine, cocaine, marijuana, and heroin in Missouri. Various
organizations with ties to Texas and California continue to traffic in cocaine
and heroin. In addition, numerous small toxic methamphetamine laboratories are
found in all areas of Missouri.
Cocaine: Enforcement activities reflect a steady
supply of cocaine coming into the metropolitan areas of Missouri. The states of
Texas and California continue to be the major sources of supply. Crack cocaine
continues to be readily available in the southwest and western parts of the
state and the drug of choice among many seeking drug addiction treatment. The
number of cocaine-related overdose deaths continues to decrease in the St.
Mexican black tar, and to a lesser extent Mexican brown heroin, are available
throughout the state. Heroin abuse appears to have spread from the city of St.
Louis to surrounding areas, as evidenced by an increase in heroin-related entry
to addiction treatment centers and, unfortunately, heroin-related deaths in St.
Methamphetamine: Both Mexican and locally produced
methamphetamine continue to be available throughout the state. Generally,
locally produced methamphetamine is of higher potency than that imported from
Drugs: Ecstasy is available throughout the state and is brought in
from Los Angeles, New York City, and Miami. LSD is not a significant problem in
eastern Missouri; however, it is available in the Kansas City area. GHB and
Rohypnol have become increasingly available.
Marijuana: Marijuana is readily available
throughout the state with Mexican marijuana being imported from the Southwest
Border. Indoor marijuana growing continues to increase. Grass roots
groups have promoted legalization, but the state has not sanctioned the cause.
Law enforcement agencies do not anticipate a shift in the official position.
Treatment admissions for marijuana use have grown approximately 400 percent
between 1994 and 2001, only exceeded by admissions for
Other Drugs: Oxycontin abuse is increasing
throughout the state. Vicodin, Percocet, and OxyContin thefts are increasing as
a result of window smashing of pharmacies in the St. Charles area. These drugs
are being used as an offset to heroin, according to law enforcement reports,
and are being seen more and more as primary drugs of abuse among individuals
entering drug rehab centers.
DEA Mobile Enforcement Teams: This cooperative program with
state and local law enforcement counterparts was conceived in 1995 in response
to the overwhelming problem of drug-related violent crime in towns and cities
across the nation. There have been 359 deployments completed resulting in over
14,456 arrests of violent drug criminals as of April 1, 2002. There have been
nine MET deployments in Missouri: Sikeston, Fountain Park, St. Charles County,
Audrain County, Crystal City, Berkeley, Hannibal/Marion County, Franklin
County, and Joplin, resulting in 136 arrests.
Special Topics: Several significant law
enforcement operations were successfully completed within the past two years.
The most recent was Operation Black Ice, a multi-state black tar heroin OCDETF
investigation resulting in 17 arrests in Missouri, the seizure of several
pounds of heroin along with the execution of approximately 90 search warrants
on September 26, 2001. Eight federal, state, and local law enforcement agencies
contributed to the dismantling of this organization.
The St. Louis Homicide
Initiative was created by DEA St. Louis and the St. Louis Metropolitan Police
Department to address and combat the citys increase in drug related
homicides. The objectives of this initiative are to identify violent
organizations involved in drug trafficking activity and to develop
investigative leads by use of court authorized telephone intercepts to clear
unsolved homicides and related crimes.
The Powers investigation was a multi-agency cooperative operation
comprised of nine agencies located in the greater Kansas City, Missouri, area
which led to the arrest of four defendants, the seizure of 1,000 pounds of
marijuana, and the seizure of over $800,000 in assets.
The Soria investigation was a multi-agency OCTDEF operation which led
to the dismantling of a multi-pound Mexican national methamphetamine
organization operating out the Kansas City, Missouri and Kansas City, Kansas
areas which was responsible for the distribution of over 100 pounds of
methamphetamine. Four defendants were arrested and asset seizures totaled over
Drug Addiction Treatment:Drug addiction treatment provided
by qualified drug rehab centers is needed to combat the ever-growing problem of
drug addiction. As the problem grows, more drug rehab centers will be