Enforcement Officers: 1,354
State Prison Population:
Probation Population: 2,729
Violent Crime Rate National Ranking: 50
Federal Drug Seizures
Cocaine: 0 kgs.
Heroin: 0 kgs.
Marijuana: 2.4 kgs.
Laboratories: 83 (DEA, state, and local)
Top 2 cities in North DakotaBismarck
Drug Addiction and Drug Addiction
Drug Situation: The trafficking
and use of methamphetamine is the primary concern for law enforcement and
public health officials in North Dakota and the drug of choice by many addicted
individuals upon entry to drug rehab centers. At the present time, no single
drug trafficking organization dominates the distribution of methamphetamine.
Mexican poly-drug organizations have sources of supply in Mexico, California,
and Washington, and transport methamphetamine into North Dakota via privately
owned vehicles, Amtrak trains, and Greyhound buses. Smaller quantities of
methamphetamine are mailed via U.S. mail and Federal Express. Mexico-based drug
trafficking organizations dominate the transportation of marijuana from the
Southwest Border to North Dakota. Private vehicles and commercial mail carriers
are used to ship small quantities, ranging from five to ten pounds. Local
cultivation of marijuana is done on a relatively small scale.
Cocaine, while available in North Dakota, does not pose a significant threat
although a notable number of people entering addiction treatment centers report
cocaine as a drug of choice. The DEA Task Force reported 2.9 pounds of cocaine
seized in FY 1999. A quarter-kilogram of cocaine was seized in FY 2000, and
none in FY 2001. Methamphetamine, often called the poor mans cocaine,
rivals cocaine as the stimulant drug of choice. Prices for cocaine range from
$100 to $120 per gram. Mexican drug trafficking organizations dominate the
distribution of cocaine. Crack cocaine availability is very limited in North
Dakota though it is reported as the drug of choice for individuals seeking drug
addiction treatment. While gangs have attempted to gain a foothold in the
cocaine/crack cocaine market, aggressive law enforcement efforts during the
past two years have virtually eliminated large-scale, organized gangs.
Heroin:Heroin distribution and use have not been
significant problems in North Dakota. Heroin trafficking is a low priority for
law enforcement agencies in the state. Virtually all of the heroin encountered
in North Dakota, mainly in Fargo, is black tar heroin from Mexico.
Methamphetamine: The methamphetamine threat in North
Dakota is a two-pronged problem. First, large quantities of meth produced by
Mexican organizations based in California and Washington are transported into
and distributed throughout the state. Second, meth increasingly is being
produced in small laboratories, capable of producing only a few ounces at a
time. Because of the extreme rural nature of the state, as well as the
states dependence on the agriculture industry, there is a high level of
use and availability of anhydrous ammonia among the states legitimate
agricultural community. Farmers use nurse tanks. to apply anhydrous
ammonia in their fields. This has resulted in increased thefts of anhydrous
ammoniacommonly used in the Nazi meth manufacturing method. A
DEA investigation in Grand Forks, North Dakota, resulted in the arrest of two
Mexican nationals and the seizure of over ten pounds of meth. A co-conspirator
in the same case was arrested for attempted murder of a police officer and
possession of over seven pounds of meth. Another meth case resulted in the
arrest of two suspects and the seizure of 10 assault rifles and $10,000 in
cash. According to the El Paso Intelligence Center (EPIC), the number of meth
laboratories seized by the DEA and state and local law enforcement agencies has
increased sharply over the past few years. Moreover, these law enforcement
agencies reported 86 methamphetamine-related encounters involving dump sites or
seizures of glassware and chemicals during CY 2001, compared to 34 in CY 2000,
an increase of over 140 percent.
Drugs:There have been indications that Club Drugs are
making their way into the Fargo area in small quantities.
Marijuana is one
of the primary drugs of choice in North Dakota. Distribution of marijuana is
dominated by Mexico-based drug trafficking organizations that manage the
transportation of the drug from Mexico to North Dakota. These organizations
utilize tractor-trailersmany of which have sophisticated traps
installedto transport the marijuana from the Southwest Border. DEA Fargo
Resident Office investigations reveal that marijuana is increasingly available
from local cultivators in addition to the supplies emanating from the Southwest
Border. Local cultivation of marijuana is relatively small scale. In 2001,
DEAs Domestic Eradication/Suppression Program reported that a total of
3,860 marijuana plants were eradicated in North Dakota. Ditch weed, initially
grown for the hemp used to produce rope during World War II, is abundant in the
southeastern part of North Dakota. Last year over three million ditch weed
plants were eradicated.
There is no significant
diversion of legitimate drugs to report.
Enforcement Teams: This cooperative program with state and local law enforcement
counterparts was conceived in 1995 in response to the overwhelming problem of
drug-related violent crime in towns and cities across the nation. There have
been 348 deployments completed resulting in 14,794 arrests of violent drug
criminals as of June 2002.
Currently, there are
seven Task Force Officers, representing five law enforcement agencies, assigned
to the DEA in North Dakota. North Dakota is covered by the Midwest High
Intensity Drug Trafficking Area (HIDTA), along with Iowa, Kansas, Missouri,
Nebraska, and South Dakota. The Midwest HIDTA has established four initiatives
in North Dakota: Bureau of Criminal Investigation, Bismarck, Fargo (DEA Task
Force), and Grand Forks. The Midwest HIDTA initially was created to concentrate
on fighting the overwhelming increase in the manufacture and distribution of
methamphetamine. Accordingly, Midwest HIDTA funds were restricted to
methamphetamine investigations. In 2001, this stipulation was lifted, allowing
law enforcement agencies to investigate poly-drug trafficking
Addiction Treatment Centers are
Vital: The drug
addiction problem in North Dakota, as in other states, poses a serious problem
for its citizens. Law enforcement efforts must be supported by ensuring the
availability of an adequate number of quality drug rehab centers to help
address the problem and improve communities within the state.