Enforcement Officers: 6,549
State Prison Population:
Probation Population: 45,490
Rate National Ranking:
Federal Drug Seizures
Cocaine: 46.9 kgs.
Heroin: 5.3 kgs.
Marijuana: 125.0 kgs.
Laboratories: 584 (DEA, state,
Top 10 cities in OregonCorvallis
Drug Abuse and the Need for Drug Rehab
Drug Situation: Oregon is a
transshipment point for controlled substances smuggled to Washington and
Canada, as well as a consumer site. Oregon is a source of marijuana and has a
growing number of clandestine methamphetamine laboratories.
Cocaine: Cocaine is available; however, it is not
the preferred drug with most drug abusers in the state. Heroin and
methamphetamine continue to be preferred by most drug abusers seeking drug
Heroin: Mexican black tar and brown heroin are the
primary types of heroin distributed throughout Oregon, controlled by Hispanic
poly-drug trafficking organizations, and the types most often reported as drugs
of choice by those entering drug rehab centers. Heroin continues to be shipped
from Mexico by a variety of methods, primarily by vehicles with hidden
compartments. Heroin typically is transported overland to Portland via the 1-5
corridor from source cities in Mexico through traffickers in California. Many
of the Hispanic traffickers belong to extended Mexican families from regions
such as Nayarit and Michoacan, where traffickers use their familial contacts in
Mexico and California to smuggle heroin into the state. These organizations
also traffic in cocaine, methamphetamine and marijuana (of Mexican origin).
Methamphetamine: Methamphetamine is one of the most
widely abused controlled substances in Oregon and attributes to a great number
of addicted individuals entering addiction treatment centers. Two
varieties are generally encountered-Mexican methamphetamine, which
is either manufactured locally or obtained from sources in Mexico, California
or other Southwest Border states, and methamphetamine which is produced locally
by area violators. Of the two types, Mexican methamphetamine continues to flood
the market. Methamphetamine is available in multi-pound amounts throughout
western Oregon, and smaller quantities are available in Eastern Oregon.
Canadian pseudoephedrine, utilized in the manufacture of methamphetamine, is
frequently seized at clandestine laboratory sites.
Drugs: MDMA (Ecstasy) is available throughout the state, and
multi-kilogram seizures are common. It is accessible in varying quantities in
the larger cities and on college campuses, as well as outlying areas. GHB
laboratories have been seized in conjunction with methamphetamine laboratories.
Mexican Ketamine is also smuggled into the state.
Marijuana: Marijuana is readily available
in Oregon and is reportedly used in addition to other drugs by a significant
number of individuals in addiction treatment centers. The majority of marijuana
available in Portland is cultivated in home grow operations. Canadian and
domestic marijuana in the Portland area is available in multi pound amounts.
Mexican marijuana is present, but not prevalent. Medicinal Marijuana: In
May 1999, Oregon voters approved an initiative that legalized marijuana for
medicinal purposes. In April of 2002 the Oregon Board of Medical Examiners
suspended the license of one doctor who had approved at least 50% of the
medical marijuana applications in Oregon, eight times more than any other
licensed doctor. Mexican Marijuana: Mexican marijuana is transported
using existing heroin and methamphetamine routes and methods. It is typically
transported overland via 1-5 and us Highway 101 in western Oregon. Traffickers
typically use passenger vehicles fitted with hidden compartments or attempt to
otherwise conceal the drugs within the vehicle. Canadian Marijuana:
Canadian marijuana smugglers use passenger vehicles, fishing vessels, private
aircraft (fixed wing and helicopters), and mules to smuggle the drug into the
state. Traffickers take advantage of rural airfields to smuggle large
quantities of marijuana.
The most commonly abused
pharmaceutical drugs in the state are hydrocodone (Vicodin) and benzodiazepines
(Xanax and Klonopin). Soma is a Schedule IV controlled drug in Oregon and is
often used in combination with narcotic analgesics. The most prevalent methods
of diversion are pharmacy theft and fraudulent prescriptions.
DEA Mobile Enforcement Teams: This cooperative program with
state and local law enforcement counterparts was conceived in 1995 in response
to the overwhelming problem of drug-related violent crime in towns and cities
across the nation. There have been 348 deployments completed resulting in
14,794 arrests of violent drug criminals as of June 2002. There have been six
MET deployments in the State of Oregon since the inception of the program:
Woodburn, Madras, Klamath Falls, Washington County, Keizer, and Portland. These
deployments resulted in 148 arrests and the seizure of 3.6 pounds of cocaine; 1
pound of crack cocaine; .8 pounds of heroin; 104 pounds of marijuana; and 10.6
pounds of methamphetamine. Also seized were 38 firearms, 11 vehicles and over
$20,000 in U.S. currency and property.
Drug Addiction Treatment Needed:As a transshipment point for controlled substances smuggled to
Washington and Canada, drug abuse and addiction are prevalent in Oregon.
Addiction treatment centers offering quality drug addiction treatment are
crucial to helping to alleviate the problem.