Enforcement Officers: 14,126
Probation Population: 40,060
Violent Crime Rate
Federal Drug Seizures
Cocaine: 484.2 kgs.
Heroin: 41.0 kgs.
Marijuana: 218.4 kgs.
Laboratories: 461 (DEA, state, and
Top 7 cities in TennesseeJohnson City
Addiction and Addiction Treatment Centers
Drug Situation: The Nashville
District Offices areas of responsibility include Memphis, Chattanooga,
Knoxville, Jackson and Johnson City. A wide spectrum of illicit narcotics are
currently available throughout Tennessee. To effectively combat this problem,
DEA, local police departments, state agencies, and other federal law
enforcement agencies are working together in a cooperative effort to increase
the impact of drug law enforcement on narcotics traffickers. There is an
increased need for addiction treatment centers to support law enforcement
efforts by rehabilitating addicted individuals.
Cocaine: Cocaine abuse, cocaine hydrocchloride, and,
to a lesser extent, cocaine base (crack), is a primary concern in the State of
Tennessee. Many of the violent crimes in the state are directly associated with
the distribution of cocaine HCL and crack and to cocaine abuse or crack abuse.
Multi kilogram cocaine investigations and seizures are common place throughout
the state. Cocaine abuse (or crack abuse) is a contributing factor for a number
of individuals entering drug rehab centers.
Heroin: Heroin abuse in the state of Tennessee is
limited. There have been no significant investigations or seizures of heroin in
Tennessee in the last ten years. The only exception to this statement is the
occasional highway seizure that was destined for another geographic area.
Heroin abuse, does, however, contribute to a number of individuals seeking drug
addiction treatment. The drugs of choice for the local addict population are
diverted pharmaceutical drugs, such as Percodan, Percocet, and
Methamphetamine: Second only to cocaine trafficking
in the state of Tennessee is the local manufacturing of methamphetamine.
Clandestine meth labs in central and southeastern Tennessee have reached
epidemic proportions. The number of laboratories seized in Tennessee has more
than tripled in the last three years, from 137 laboratories in 1999 to 365
laboratories in 2001. It has been estimated that there is at least one
methamphetamine lab either located or seized somewhere in the state
day. Addiction to methamphetamine is a leading reason a significant number of
individuals seek drug addiction treatment.
Drugs: Tennessee has a growing Club Drugs problem, with
MDMA (ecstasy), LSD and GHB being the most common drugs of abuse. Rave Clubs,
where these drugs are frequently sold, have been identified in the cities of
Nashville and Knoxville. Entry to drug rehab centers for the abuse/ addiction
of club drugs is on the rise.
Marijuana: Locally grown cannabis has been
Tennessees largest cash crop for the past ten years, surpassing even
tobacco. Tennessee has ranked in the top five states for eradication of
cultivated plants for the last ten years, placing number one in 1997. Marijuana
is often reported as the drug of choice or a drug used in addition to the drug
of choice by individuals entering drug rehab centers.
OxyContin: The diversion and abuse of pharmaceuticals,
especially OxyContin, represents a significant threat to Tennessee. OxyContin
is a slow release form of the painkiller Oxycodone, which is of benefit to
cancer patients and those with chronic pain. OxyContin, whose effects are the
same as other opiate derivatives, is obtained legally through prescriptions, as
well as illegally on the street. There has been an increase in the number of
individuals admitted to addiction treatment centers for oxycontin
Enforcement Teams: This cooperative program with state and local law enforcement
counterparts was conceived in 1995 in response to the overwhelming problem of
drug-related violent crime in towns and cities across the nation. There have
been 359 deployments completed resulting in over 14,456 arrests of violent drug
criminals as of April 1, 2002. There have been 2 Atlanta Division Mobile
Enforcement Team (MET) deployments in the state of Tennessee since the
inception of the program: Chattanooga and Clarksville. These deployments
resulted in 74 arrests and the seizure of 13.8 pounds of cocaine, 6.6 pounds of
crack cocaine, and 4.4 pounds of marijuana. Also seized were 20 vehicles, 30
firearms, and over $5.5 million in cash and property.
Other Enforcement Operations:
Eastern Tennessee, along with portions of Kentucky and West Virginia, has been
designated as a High Intensity Drug Trafficking Area (Appalachian HIDTA). Until
recently, the Appalachian HIDTA was a single mission HIDTA dedicated to
cannabis eradication and cultivation investigations. In 2002, the Appalachian
HIDTA was expanded to help combat the growing methamphetamine manufacturing