Enforcement Officers: 1,213
State Prison Population:
Probation Population: 10,541
Violent Crime Rate National Ranking: 47
Federal Drug Seizures
Cocaine: 3.7 kgs.
Heroin: 0 kgs.
Marijuana: 249.9 kgs.
Clandestine Laboratories: 0 (DEA, state, and
Drugs and Entry to Drug Rehab Centers
Drug Situation: Marijuana,
domestic and imported, is the most widely abused drug in the State of Vermont
and is reportedly the drug of choice among a large number of individuals upon
entry to drug rehab centers. High-purity level heroin is available throughout
the state. Cocaine abuse is a significant problem throughout the state,
particularly in the urban areas. Law enforcement officials report minimal
availability of methamphetamine. Vermonts two interstate highways, I-89
and I-91, terminate at the U.S./Canada border, providing drug traffickers easy
access to metropolitan areas in Canada and the United States.
Cocaine: Cocaine abuse
is widespread and is readily available throughout Vermont. The drug is
available in all quantities from fractional ounces to kilogram quantities.
Cocaine traffickers in Vermont, most often Caucasians, obtain the drug from
source areas in Massachusetts, Connecticut, and New York. The cocaine is
brought into the state mostly through the use of passenger vehicles; often it
is then distributed in bars. Cocaine is the drug of choice among a large number
seeking drug addiction treatment. Crack cocaine is not widely available in the
state, although there is limited availability in the areas of Burlington,
Rutland, and Barre. Crack, is, however, sometimes noted as the drug of choice
among addicted individuals upon entry to addiction treatment centers. Crack is
most often distributed by African-American violators who obtain the drug in New
York and Massachusetts.
There is widespread availability of heroin in the state in street/user level
quantities. Heroin is named the drug of choice among a significant number upon
entry to addiction treatment centers. The purity level in the state is quite
high, ranging from 55 to 60 percent. A typical heroin distributor in Vermont is
a heroin user who distributes the drug in order to support his/her heroin
addiction. Heroin is obtained by individuals who travel to source areas in
Massachusetts and New York. The most common method of transport of heroin
between Vermont and source areas is the use of automobiles.
Methamphetamine: There is not a significant
methamphetamine problem in Vermont. No clandestine laboratories have been
seized in Vermont for the past several years. The last clandestine laboratory
was a methamphetamine laboratory which was seized in 1990.
MDMA (Ecstasy) appears to be widely available in Vermont, particularly the
Burlington area and is listed as the primary concern of many seeking drug
addiction treatment. Until June 2001, MDMA possession was not a crime under
Vermont state statutes. Several thousand-tablet seizures of MDMA have been made
at ports of entry in Vermont. The seized MDMA, often from Toronto or Montreal
was destined to other states in New England. There have not been any reports of
widespread availability of other club drugs such as GHB or ketamine.
Marijuana: Marijuana is readily available
in all areas of Vermont, and it is the drug of choice for illicit drug users
seeking drug rehab center programs. Marijuana is brought into Vermont from the
Southwestern U.S. through the use of automobiles, campers and tractor-trailers.
Another significant source area for marijuana in the state is Canada.
Canadian-based drug trafficking organizations smuggle high quality
hydroponically grown marijuana from Canada across the U.S./Canada border for
distribution in Vermont and in transit to Massachusetts, New York, and other
states. The marijuana often is carried in backpacks across remote areas between
the ports of entry; tractor-trailers containing marijuana loads also transport
the drug across the U.S./Canada border. In addition to marijuana transported to
Vermont, marijuana continues to be grown within the state. In the past, local
growers maintained large-scale outdoor cultivation operations. However, the
current trend of local marijuana cultivation has changed to small outdoor plots
which can be difficult to detect. Also, indoor grows, to include hydroponic
systems, are maintained on a small scale.
Fentanyl, oxycodone, Hydrocodone, methadone, Ritalin, Xanax and Diazepam are
the most commonly diverted pharmaceutical drugs in Vermont. Impaired
practitioners are a concern in the state.
DEA Mobile Enforcement Teams: This cooperative program with
state and local law enforcement counterparts was conceived in 1995 in response
to the overwhelming problem of drug-related violent crime in towns and cities
across the nation. There have been 348 deployments completed resulting in
14,794 arrests of violent drug criminals as of June 2002.
Treatment Centers: The Vermont Office of Alcohol and Drug Abuse Programs (ADAP)
contracts with 18 nonprofit agencies which provide alcohol and drug addiction
treatment services. According to ADAP, the use of hallucinogens (including
marijuana) accounted for 16 percent of treatment admissions, opiates (including
heroin) seven percent of treatment admissions and stimulants (including
cocaine) for four percent of treatment admissions in Vermont fiscal year 2000
(July 1, 1999 - June 30, 2000). Twelve persons reportedly were treated for
methamphetamine abuse during Vermont fiscal year 2000.